CCOO CASTILLA Y LEÓN'S INDUSTRIAL OBSERVATION POINT

Regional Strategies (RIS3)

The Regional Strategy for Research and Innovation for a Smart Specialization (RIS3) of Castilla y León 2014-2020 was approved on April 16, 2014 by the Government of Castilla y León.

As established by Law 17/2002, of December 19, on the Promotion and General Coordination of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation (R + D + I) in Castilla y León, it constitutes the element of regional planning of scientific research, development and technological innovation and is the main element of coordination of the actions of the different ministries and other administrations and public and private entities related to R + D + I and the Information Society in Castilla y León.

The RIS3 strategies, which emerged in 2013, constitute the new focus of the regional policy of the European Union, which for the first time are a precondition for the approval of the operational programs of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). These are integrated schedules of territorial economic transformation, in which priorities are defined to create competitive advantages by developing and adapting the strengths of research and innovation to business needs in order to address emerging opportunities and advances of the market in a coherent way and avoid, at the same time, the duplication and fragmentation of efforts.

In the case of Castilla y León, the 2014-2020 RIS3 strategy has continued the strategic planning work carried out in R + D + I and the Information Society since 1997, addressing key issues such as the prioritization, participation and a vision of the future for Castilla y León shared by citizens, companies, research organizations and government.

STRATEGIC TARGETS

For our region, six strategic objectives are defined, linked among themselves:

  • Reinforce a more competitive and sustainable economic model through business innovation and the efficient use of resources.
  • Advancing towards scientific and technological leadership in certain fields of potential regional specialization, configuring a more attractive science and technology system.
  • Improve the internationalization and outward vision of the regional innovation system.
  • Encourage multidisciplinary collaboration between knowledge generating agents and knowledge transfer.
  • Promote a culture of innovation and creativity in all social and economic fields.
  • Ensure that Information and Communication Technologies become tools that facilitate innovation, social and territorial cohesion, economic growth, rural development and job creation.

PATTERN OF SPECIALIZATION OF CASTILLA Y LEÓN

The analysis of the specialization pattern of Castilla y León was carried out by addressing three different dimensions: economic, technological and scientific. Thus, economic areas with a certain weight, specialization and outward orientation were identified; technological domains in which the region has capacities and critical mass; and areas of scientific knowledge where there is a critical mass, impact and specialization with respect to world production.
The study of the set of economic activities revealed that the pattern of economic specialization of Castilla y León is defined by six large macroactivities, which account for 59% of the regional economy and that meet several criteria: a greater specialization in relation to the national average, ability to compete in foreign markets, a positive or stable temporary evolution despite the crisis; and a development potential based on know-how and the capabilities of the region.
In order to identify capacities and the main areas of technological specialization, patent data, existing scientific-technological infrastructures, and funded R + D + I projects were used (particularly in areas where the region is able to attract more funding in international calls) and other aspects were also considered, such as the set of degrees and distribution of students in the university system. The scheme focused on the so-called essential facilitating technologies that were grouped into four main areas: advanced materials (including the part of photonics related to materials); biotechnology; information and communication technologies (ICT, including the part of photonics related to these technologies), and manufacturing and advanced processes.

SCIENTIFIC AREAS

  • Medicine
  • Agriculture, Biological Sciences and Veterinary
  • Chemistry and Materials
  • Earth and Environmental Science 
  • Engineering Science 

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES / STRATEGIC SECTORS

  • Agro-food
  • Automotive, Components and Equipment
  • Health and quality of life
  • Energy and Industrial Environment
  • Tourism, Heritage and Spanish Language
  • Habitat

TECHNOLOGICAL DOMAINS

  • Advanced Materials
  • ITC
  • Biotechnology
  • Manufacturing and Advanced Processes

SCIENTIFIC AREAS

  • Medicine
  • Agriculture, Biological Sciences and Veterinary
  • Chemistry and Materials
  • Earth and Environmental Science 
  • Engineering Science 

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES / STRATEGIC SECTORS

  • Agro-food
  • Automotive, Components and Equipment
  • Health and quality of life
  • Energy and Industrial Environment
  • Tourism, Heritage and Spanish Language
  • Habitat

TECHNOLOGICAL DOMAINS

  • Advanced Materials
  • ITC
  • Biotechnology
  • Manufacturing and Advanced Processes

The monitoring and evaluation of the RIS3 is also key in this cyclical process and an essential element in the face of the redefinition of objectives and priorities. The RIS3 of Castilla y León 2014-2020 provides a system of performance indicators (directly linked to the strategic objectives) and a set of performance indicators, linked to the actions implemented within each program.

Castilla y leon's Government Corporate RIS 3 video (Spanish)

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