Under this scope, a group of activities considered according to the following CNAE are grouped, although there are other classifications that are not collected and that can be included.
The main characteristic of this sector is related to heterogeneity and transversality, encompassing farms, chemical industries of various types, product marketers, as well as research centers and activities related to the health sector and social services.
A partir de la estadística estructural de empresas, proporcionada por el INE, las industrias más representativas del sector en la región corresponden a los CNAE 20 y 21, de industria química y fabricación de productos farmacéuticos (si bien existen industrias del CNAE 1086 y 1089 con peso específico en la región).
|Business Quantity||Wages and salaries||Investment in tangible assets||Busy staff|
|Castilla y León|
|20 Chemical industry
|21 Manufacture of pharmaceutical products||536.976||76.391||41.812||2.203|
Both groups within the region, with 110 and 19 registered industries respectively, have a weight in turnover of around 4% of the total industry, with 3.3% of direct employment. The chosen form in both types of industrial activities is the limited liability company, although there is a representative number of natural persons within the chemical industry establishments.
The size of the companies is variable, although it is in the pharmaceutical sector where the structures are larger. Within the chemical industry, only 17% is greater than 10 workers, according to the Harmonized Demographics of Companies of the INE.
Within the ecosystem of companies that exist in the region, different laboratories with headquarters outside the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León and headquarters in different provinces have a presence in Castilla y León. This is the case of ROVI, GUIDOTTI, SERVIER, BRAUN, ROCHE, VIÑAS, CINFA, Dr ESTEVE, LACER, ALTER, FERRER, FAES FARMA, MENARINI, SALVAT, ERN, ISDIN, SANKYO, TEDEC-MEIJI, BIOIBERICA.
The consideration of the macro-sector of Health and Quality of Life within the RIS3 Strategy, seeks to encourage professional activities, both scientific and technical, so that an innovative fabric with high added value can be developed, with direct contact with existing knowledge and development centers in the territory. These are biotechnology companies, spinoffs and startups, associated in many cases with universities and research institutes, as well as with technology centers. In our region these companies are registered within the CNAE 721, 722 and 86.
In addition to the companies, the associations that represent them deserve attention. The Regional Administration has promoted the Biotecyl clusters, specialized in sanitary and biotechnological activities, SIVI, representative in actions of development and application of specialized technological solutions in the socio-sanitary sector and Cluster4Eye, which brings together the companies and research centers in the different fields of application of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences.
To complete the ecosystem of the region in the sector of health and quality of life, the following table summarizes the different science parks that the region has:
|Scientific Park||Year of creation||Areas of expertise and Companies installed|
|Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Burgos||2005||
Agri-food, Chemistry, Computing, Construction, Engineering and Physics
|Scientific Park of the University of León||1994||
Biotechnology and energy
|Science Park of the University of Salamanca||2004||
Biomedicine, pharmacy, biotechnology, nanotechnology, nano bioengineering, chemical industry.
|Scientific Park of the University of Valladolid||2007||
Information and Communication Technologies, Industrial Engineering, Chemistry, Physics, Environment, Metrology, Agri-Food, Health, Biotechnology
In addition to the scientific parks, the regional technological parks of Boecillo, in Valladolid, and León, where companies are mainly dedicated to the pharmaceutical and medical area, are also included, although there are also activities in the veterinary and socio-health branch.
COMPANIES WITH THE HIGHEST VOLUME OF BUSINESS AND GENERATED EMPLOYMENT
Within Castilla y León, a summary of companies representative of the region in activities related to the health and quality of life sector is shown below.
|Sociedad Cooperativa Farmacéutica Leonesa||87,28||69||León|
|Merck Sharp & Dohme Animal Health||192||347||Salamanca|
|Laboratorios León Farma||81,33||201||León|
|Gadea Biopharma, Crystal Pharma||99,8||257||León, Valladolid|
|Post Quam Cosmetic||30||32||Valladolid|
de Castilla y León
Plaza de Madrid, 4
47001 Valladolid (Spain)